Known as the Corgi with the tail, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is the older of the two Corgi breeds. Like the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, the Cardigan is low set with moderately heavy bone and a deep chest. Originally used as a drover and farm dog, the breed is small and powerful, capable of great speed and endurance. Coat colors include red, sable, brindle, black and blue merle. White markings are common.
The Cardigan first arrived in Cardiganshire (its place of origin) with the Celts in 1200 BC. The breed became useful because the Crown-owned practically all land, and the tenant farmers were permitted to fence off only a few acres surrounding their dooryards. The rest was common land, on which the crofter was permitted to graze his cattle. Instead of herding the cattle, the Corgi would nip at their heels and drive them as far afield as desired.
The Cardigan can adapt to country life or city apartments but need some form of daily exercise. As a companion dog, they love to be with their people and are loyal, affectionate, and even-tempered. The breed's double coat requires regular brushing.
- Herding Group; AKC recognized in 1935.
- Ranging in size from 10.5 to 12.5 inches tall at the shoulder and 25 to 38 pounds.
- Cattle dog; all-purpose farm dog.
- Apartment is fine.
- Fairly active indoors.
- Daily moderate to extended exercise.
- Easy care.
- Daily light brushing.
- Seasonal shedding.